California defines a controlled substance as any medication or drug that is regulated by the government. Not all medications or chemical substances receive this regulation. For example, most people are allowed to purchase cold and flu medicine without facing any restrictions.
However, some drugs – like cocaine – are restricted by the government. Note that even legal prescription medications are sometimes controlled by the government. Using these substances before driving a vehicle can lead to charges for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID). Find out more about these substances right now.
Defining Controlled Substances in California
As we mentioned, the government regulates controlled substances. These substances are generally chemical in nature. Illicit drugs are an example of a controlled substance. However, the government also regulates the usage of many prescription medications, including pain killers.
Some controlled substances are very complicated. For example, marijuana is technically a controlled substance in California. However, people are legally allowed to possess this plant for their own personal use. The sale, distribution, and growth of marijuana are still regulated in California.
The government divides controlled substances into different categories, based on the drug’s medical usage and potential for abuse. These categories are called “schedules.” There are five schedules for controlled substances in California. From the least severe to most severe, they include:
- Schedule V Drugs. These drugs often contain very diluted narcotics. Motofen and some cough medications are examples of Schedule V drugs.
- Schedule IV Drugs. Drugs classified as Schedule IV have a higher possibility of leading to addiction. Drugs in different categories are grouped into this Schedule. Valium and Ativan are Schedule IV drugs.
- Schedule III Drugs. These medications are considered more serious by the state of California. Ketamine and drugs with no more than 90mg of codeine in a dose are Schedule III drugs.
- Schedule II Drugs. The state of California treats Schedule II drugs very seriously. They have limited medical applications in many cases. Morphine and cocaine are both considered Schedule II drugs.
- Schedule I Drugs. Finally, Schedule I drugs are considered the most serious controlled substances in our state. Heroin and LSD are examples of Schedule I drugs.
You can learn more about controlled substances with a lawyer here in Los Angeles. Reach out to members of our team to learn more by calling (310) 862-0199.
Controlled Substances and Driving Under the Influence Charges
Most drivers in California know they are not legally allowed to drive a vehicle after drinking alcohol. It is also against the law to operate a vehicle under the influence of drugs in California. This includes controlled substances, such as:
- Illegal drugs
- Prescription medications
- Over-the-counter medications
Penal Code (PEN) 23152(f) charges can apply if someone is accused of driving under the influence of drugs. This charge is usually treated as a misdemeanor in the state of California. However, individuals can face felony charges if they:
- Harm someone while driving under the influence of drugs
- Have three prior past misdemeanor DUI convictions
- Have one prior felony DUI conviction
There are also other criminal charges associated with the use or possession of controlled substances. Some individuals can face charges for drug possession. Individuals who have larger amounts of a drug could face possession for sale accusations in our state.
Results of a Conviction for a DUID in California
The results of a DUID conviction in California can be very serious. Drivers can face fines and jail time if they are convicted of driving under the influence of a controlled substance. The state of California can also suspend or revoke an individual’s driver’s license.
A DUI lawyer in Los Angeles can help you face these charges. Members of our team understand how to handle DUID accusations. We can work to show that you were not under the influence of a controlled substance while operating a vehicle. We can also work to show that you were stopped without reasonable cause.
Don’t wait to get the help you want. Learn more about controlled substances by reaching out to us now. Allow us to focus on getting your charges reduced or even dismissed. We’re here to help you in and out of court.
Speak with a Lawyer if You’re Facing a Controlled Substance Charge
Reach out to a Los Angeles DUI lawyer to get the answers you’re looking for about your controlled substance charge. A lawyer can also build a defense if you are accused of a DUID. You can easily get the help you want by calling (310) 862-0199. We also have an online contact form for you to use.
Reach out to us and get a free consultation right now.